Patrick Stiller, a PhD student at the Helmholtz AI young investigator group of Nico Hoffmann, has won the 2nd best poster prize at the Helmholtz AI conference 2022.
Laser-plasma acceleration is of central research interest in a large variety of domains of science, such as high energy density physics, radiobiology & -medicine as well as matter under extreme conditions. Connecting simulation data with experimental data is essential for a better understanding of laser-plasma acceleration to study processes at high spatiotemporal resolution. However, numerical simulations of complex systems are computationally very expensive meaning that high-fidelity simulation codes have to run on the largest high performance computing (HPC) systems in the world. This high-fidelity, very time-consuming simulation code is then used for e.g. theory-guided analysis of experimental data or design space optimization of upcoming experiments.
Machine learning (ML)-based surrogate models promise a significant reduction in simulation time by learning the relationship between parameters and simulated systems. This means that a classic numerical simulation is basically replaced by a call to the corresponding surrogate model, neural network, with fast inference times. However, we must train such surrogate models on large data sets to guarantee robust predictions, which takes a long training time due to the large size of the training dataset. In addition, storing every time step of the simulation is memory-intensive, especially for high-fidelity simulations in the upcoming exascale era. Therefore, the training of the surrogate models has to be done at minimal input/output footprint.
To advance the use of ML and artificial intelligence (AI), Patrick Stiller of Nico Hoffmann’s Helmholtz AI young investigator group “AI for the Future Photon Science” at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) showed his poster entitled “In-Situ ML-based Surrogate Model training via Continual Learning and Streaming” during the poster session at the Helmholtz AI conference from June 2-3, 2022 at Maritim Hotel & Internationales Congress Center Dresden.
Figure: Representation of the autoencoder based model and streaming approach
presented by Patrick Stiller in his poster.
His poster presented an approach to train surrogate models via streaming. It became clear that stable training of the surrogate model can be done concurrently to running simulation code without storing training data on a disk by reformulating the training as a continual learning problem. The applicability of this approach to simulations of 3D Laser-wakefield acceleration was demonstrated by in-situ training of a 3D convolutional autoencoder that obtains training data from HZDR’s in-house particle-in-cell simulation code, PIConGPU, via openPMD’s ADIOS2 streaming backend.
Over 70 posters were presented to the jury consisting of Xiaoxiang Zhu (German Aerospace Center (DLR)), Richard Bamler (DLR), Timo Dickscheid (Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ)), Guido Juckeland (HZDR) and Fabian Theis (Helmholtz Munich) from the Helmholtz AI steering board. Patrick won the 2nd prize for his poster and received a prize.
Image: Patrick Stiller (middle) receives the second prize at the Helmholtz AI conference 2022; Richard Bamler (left) and Guido Juckeland (right) handed over the prize
With 200 participants onsite and over 220 virtual participants, the Helmholtz AI conference 2022 was a successful event for listening to exciting talks, exchanging ideas, and networking for the whole Helmholtz AI community.